Data forensics, also know as computer forensics, refers to the study or investigation of digital data and how it is created and used. Digital forensics often entails investigation by extracting, identifying and validating digital information for the purpose of reconstructing past events. Data forensics is a broad term, as data forensics encompasses identifying, preserving, recovering, analyzing, and presenting attributes of digital information.
Data lineage is generally defined as a kind of data life cycle that includes the data's origins and where it moves over time. This term can also describe what happens to data as it goes through diverse processes. Data lineage can help with efforts to analyze how information is used and to track key bits of information that serve a particular purpose.